Bengal Cat
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Chewy EditorialBehavior / Breed Lists

Bengal Cat Breed: Facts, Temperament and Care Info

With leopard-like markings, Bengal cats seriously standout. But don’t let their fierce, wild-cat looks fool you: Bengals are people-loving cats, happy to play, explore and jump. They’re sweet and intelligent, making them the perfect pet for people who like to teach their kitties tricks and, after the fun is done, kick back and relax with their devoted companions.

Bengal Cat Breed Facts

Here’s a fun fact about Bengals: Unlike most felines, many members of this breed actually love water so don’t be surprised if they want to bathe when you do.

  • Weight: Males, 9-15 pounds; females, 6-12 pounds
  • Length: 14-18 inches
  • Life Span: 12-20 years
  • Coat: Both long- and short-haired varieties
  • Color: With leopard-like spots and marble markings, Bengal cat colors include varying shades of buff to orange (like the Brown Tabby), creams (like the Seal Lynx Point) and grays (such as the Silver Tabby, Seal Mink Tabby, Seal Sepia Tabby, Charcoal Spotted and Charcoal Marble varieties)
  • Eye Color: Green, yellow, gold, blue or aqua
  • Ears: Medium to small ears, with a wide base and rounded tips

Bengal Cat Characteristics

Bengal Cat
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Bengal Cat Breed History

Bengals as we know them have been around for nearly 60 years or so, when a breeder crossed a domestic cat with a small wild cat known as the Asian Leopard, creating a hybrid kitty.

The International Cat Association officially named Bengals a new breed in 1986, and today, Bengals are just bred with other Bengals—no more mixing and mingling with wild cats! And while they don’t make The Cat Fanciers’ Association’s top 10 list, they’re among the top five most popular pedigreed felines in the U.K.

If you’re considering adding one of these kitties to your family, potential pet parents can find Bengal cat breeders through The International Bengal Cat Society. But expect to cough up the bucks for this exotic-looking feline—Bengal cat prices can reach $3,000 or more. If you’d prefer to adopt, The International Bengal Cat Society also lists Bengal cat rescues and kitties who need to be rehomed.

What Does a Bengal Cat Look Like?

Those markings catch your eye at first: Bengals can either be spotted or marbled. Spotted Bengals have large or small spots or two-toned rosettes, while marbled-pattern Bengals have dramatic swirls and thick horizontal and diagonal stripes on their fur.

These cool cats come in a variety of colors too, but one of the most popular are the brown/black tabbies, which range in shades from light gray to goldens to mahogany, with contrasting spots in darker hues of brown or black. Bengals also come in a range of cream, from silvery white to light tan, and their spots and patterns tend to be a lighter shade of brown to a dark chocolate. But all Bengals have nearly all white fur on their bellies, which make them look like their jungle cat ancestors.

No matter what color they come in, all Bengals have luxuriously soft fur that’s made for stroking. Their eyes can be round or oval, and are usually green, yellow or gold, though some Bengals (the lynx points) have blue or even turquoise eyes. Their faces look like wild cats, too, with wide noses and long whiskers. And if that weren’t enough, many Bengals even shimmer when the light catches the tips of their fur.

Besides beauty, Bengal cats also have strong, muscular bodies and thick tails, the better to balance as they walk gracefully across your furniture. They’re like the Olympic athletes of the cat world—a pleasure to watch whether they’re pouncing on a toy or just strolling from one end of the room to another.

Bengal Cat
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Bengal Cat Personality

Bengals often want to supervise and stay close to their people at all times. Many enjoy kids and others can enjoy the company of other cats and dogs (when they’re properly introduced, of course). In fact, Bengal cats don’t typically do well when left alone, and can get into all kinds of trouble when bored and left to their own devices. They usually do best when they have another cat buddy to keep them company.

Bengal cats demand a lot of attention. They are usually very affectionate, but not typically a lap-sitter, although your Bengal may demand to sleep with you at night. During awake times, Bengals prefer playing, chasing, climbing and investigating. The Bengal loves to hunt and may bring you toys—or bugs and other critters—as feline gifts.

Overall, this is a busy cat who is incredibly active and often rambunctious. They remain athletic with kitten-like energy well into their senior years.

Keeping Bengal Cats Healthy: 4 Issues to Watch Out For

Some veterinarians see Bengals as “frequent flyers,” meaning that they may be prone to a number of significant health conditions. This list covers only a few of the problems that might be seen in this breed, so anyone considering purchasing or adopting a Bengal kitten or adult cat should discuss their health tendencies and what specifically to watch out for with their veterinarian.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

This progressive genetic disorder can ultimately lead to blindness in affected cats, and can begin to surface in kittens less than 2 months of age, or in adult cats as old as 12 years. Animals with the disease can be identified by an ophthalmologist, but blood and swab tests are available to determine if a particular animal is a carrier. Unfortunately, no treatment is available for this condition.

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PK)

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PK) is a genetic disorder which results in hemolytic anemia, meaning that the cat’s red blood cells are destroyed before new ones are produced. Some cats may be plagued with clinical anemic symptoms, such as lethargy, while others will show no symptoms at all. The age of onset can be as young as 8 months, or as old as 8 years. There are blood and swap tests to determine if a cat is carrying the genetic mutation causing the disease.

Feline Polyneuropathy

This is often a congenital condition in which the peripheral nerves controlling the muscles of the body have an abnormal coating, which results in poor control of the muscles. Affected animals may have trouble walking, eating and doing other normal day-to-day activities. The age of onset is usually between 10 and 18 months, and males are affected more commonly than females.

Non-Responsive Diarrhea and Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Diarrhea is very common in the Bengal cat and the affliction has many underlying causes, often making it challenging to both diagnose and treat. In some animals, it’s determined to be caused by a chronic inflammatory intestinal condition known as Inflammatory Bowel Disease and often requiring lifelong therapy.

How to Care for a Bengal Cat

To be the best cat parent you can be, it’s important to understand how to properly care for Bengal kittens and cats. By addressing these individualized needs, you can help ensure your kitty lives their happiest and healthiest life.

Grooming

Because of their silky coats, whether long- or short-haired, Bengals do not need much extra in the way of coat care, other than routine daily brushing. They should have their nails clipped on a regular basis (once a month is generally adequate), and in a perfect world, should have their teeth brushed daily.

Learn how to properly brush your kitty’s teeth here.

Nutrition

A normal, healthy Bengal does not require anything extraordinary in the way of diet. As a rule of thumb, ensure you’re offering age-appropriate food to meet the nutritional requirements kittens, adult and senior cats need, and remember to always discuss their diet with your vet.

It’s worth noting though that many Bengals do require prescription diets when they are diagnosed with one of the intestinal disorders so commonly seen in this breed.

You can learn more about prescription and veterinary diets here.

Exercise and Play

Bengals are active, inquisitive and curious, so they do require significant interactive play. Look to wand toys, such as the Frisco Bird Teaser with Feathers, and electronic toys, like the SmartyKat Hot Pursuit Electronic Concealed Motion Cat Toy, to please their playful nature.

These smart cats can also make great trick-training felines, and many can readily learn to walk on leash and harness, play fetch and perform obedience commands, such as sit or high-five with a paw.

Bengal Cat Behavioral Tips

Due to their frisky spirit and a love for climbing, Bengals require plenty of second-story territory, so be sure to provide tall perches and cat trees—or don’t be surprised to find your cat climbing and swinging from the drapes!

And considering many Bengals’ fondness for water, yours may join you in the shower or play with the running water while you brush your teeth. A water fountain can provide lots of kitty enjoyment, but be prepared to clean up the splatter.

They are also champion purrers, and when upset can produce a wild-sounding scream. And while Bengals appreciate companionship, they can be extremely territorial and don’t like change. Adopt a pair of cats as kittens so they can keep each other company when you’re away, or introduce the dog to your Bengal as a kitten. An adult Bengal may not take as kindly to sharing you and the house with new pets.

One of the best ways to keep your Bengal happy—and prevent behavior problems—is to prevent boredom. Spend time clicker-training your cat and playing interactive games that mimic hunting to keep your Bengal cat’s brain engaged.

The Bengal is definitely a one-of-a-kind cat, and, while beautiful to look at, isn’t necessarily the right cat for every household. But should you decide this is the right cat for you, fasten your seatbelt and prepare yourself for many years of entertainment and fun!

Read more:

By: Dr. Sandra Mitchell, DVM; Amy Shojai, CABC; Linda Rodgers

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