Caitlin UltimoBehavior / Breed Lists

Doberman Pinscher Breed

About the Doberman Pinscher

The Doberman Pinscher was first developed in Germany as a guard dog. Once known to be aggressive, the Doberman’s temperament has improved through tactful breeding over the years and is now considered a reliable family pet.

Doberman Pinscher Physical Characteristics

The Doberman Pinscher is a large bodied dog with a compact, lean and muscular build. It has long legs, a deep chest and a high tucked abdomen. Its head is long with ears that naturally fold over.


The Doberman Pinscher is most commonly seen in black with tan markings, though it can also be red, blue or fawn with tan markings.



Doberman Pinscher Personality and Temperament

Activity Level

Moderate to High


The Doberman Pinscher loves to play with its human family; it also makes for a great watchdog.

Things to Consider

Because it can become overprotective and aggressive — especially to other dogs — the Doberman Pinscher should be trained.

Doberman Pinscher Care

Ideal Living Conditions

The Doberman Pinscher fares well in the city or country.

Special Requirements

The Doberman Pinscher requires training and an environment that allows for ample room to exercise.

Doberman Pinscher Health

The following conditions are commonly seen in Doberman Pinschers:

Doberman Pinscher History and Background

Louis Dobermann, a German tax collector, is credited for the creation of the Doberman Pinscher. In search of a watchful guard dog to accompany him during his rounds, Dobermann developed the Doberman Pinscher in the late 19th century by crossing the old German shorthaired shepherd and the German Pinscher. Later, the Black and Tan Manchester Terrier, Weimaraner and Greyhound were also crossbred.

The original Dobermans had round heads and heavy boned bodies, but breeders soon developed a more robust-looking dog. Over time, the breed evolved remarkably and by 1899, the National Dobermann Pinscher Club, the first club for the new breed, was created in Germany.

After attracting much fame, the first Doberman was introduced to the United States in 1908. The Doberman was used as a guard dog, police dog and even as a war dog, all qualities that eventually made it a favorite as a family protector. Its chiseled outline also made the Doberman a popular show dog.

A new challenge for the breed would arise in the 1970s — the emergence of the albinistic white Doberman. With this albino gene came a wide range of serious health conditions. In an effort to remedy this problem, the Doberman Pinscher Club of America convinced the American Kennel Club to tag the registration numbers of dogs susceptible to the albino gene with the letter “Z.”

In 1977, the Doberman became the second most popular breed in the United States. Since then, the breed has kept its well-regarded status as both a guard dog and a family pet.

Doberman Pinscher National Clubs and/or Organizations

Doberman Pinscher Club of America
3816 Heatherington RD
Orlando, FL 32808-2925

Doberman Pinscher Fun Fact(s)

The Doberman Pinscher is often trained and used in the military. A group of Dobermans were given a statue of remembrance for serving with the Marines in WWII.

By: Chewy Editorial